Dubai 2020 Expo
The use of digital twin technology in smart buildings will become critical to meeting energy demand in the future. Population growth and urbanization put increasing pressure on cities across the world. Buildings account for nearly 40% of global energy consumption. With this is mind, the sector is expected to play a critical role in reducing energy use. This through technologies that optimize for efficient use of energy resources. Precisely by monitoring temperature control and occupancy levels in buildings.
Commercial real estate owners and developers will play a significant role in a transformation. Through the adoption of smart building technologies. Siemens CEO of Smart Infrastructure Cedric Neike speaking to a delegation of journalists in a press meeting in Dubai last week.
Sustainability and Smart Buildings
The United Nations estimates that by 2050, the world’s population will rise nearly 30% to 10 billion. Global energy usage will be 50% higher, led by growth in Asia, according to data collected by the EIA. Ninety percent of this growth will take place in high populated urban areas and cities. Together these factors will put pressure on cities to become more sustainable, secure and mobile.
“We are going to have to prove that with less resources, we accommodate more people. One element of how we make infrastructure and industry more efficient is through finding ways to help in the energy transitions. Those that can address the increasing population,” said Neike. “Balancing the supply and demand of energy through reduced consumption, automation and analytics that enable better energy usage and storage and utilizing renewable energy sources such as solar and wind power will be critical aspects of powering the smart cities of the future”, Neike added.
Digital Twins Critical to Smart City Infrastructure
Digital twins, in particular, are going to play a significant role in the operation of smart cities in the future. The twins are getting recognition as a valuable part of a building’s tech stack. This offers a comprehensive picture of the environment in real-time.
Digital twins combine two intricate components. Spatial modeling and electrical and mechanical systems. Spatial modeling, explicitly of the urban built environment. Electrical and mechanical systems based on mathematical descriptions or deep learning informed training . Also included is the real-time sensor data derived from IoT platform solutions. According to ABI Research, the installed base of deployments of digital twins should grow from a handful of projects to more than 500 by 2025.
“Just adding a thin layer of IoT tech on top of legacy infrastructure will no longer suffice to address the multiple challenges cities will face in the future,” stated Dominique Bonte, Vice President End Markets at ABI Research in a recent report.
The integration of domain-specific digital twins will lay foundation for smart cities. Specifically for systems like smart buildings, traffic infrastructure, energy grids, and water management.
Expo 2020 Dubai Blueprint for Smart Cities
Siemens will showcase its suite of smart building and infrastructure solutions at Expo 2020 Dubai. Including digital twin technology and Mindsphere, its vendor-neutral IoT open cloud platform and operating system. The expo is described as a test-bed for innovation and a blueprint for future smart cities. It will feature pavilions from 190 countries. Plus, it will showcase technologies that address global issues. such as energy production and climate change.
Siemens will connect, monitor, and analyze data and information collected via IoT devices. Sensors across a campus 137 connected buildings spanning the 4.4 square kilometer site throughout the six months as well. In total, more than 200,000 data points will be analyzed at the expo. In efforts to optimize comfort, security and efficiency. This according to Afzal Mohammed, Head of MindSphere and Command Control Team, Expo 2020, Siemens UAE.
Using Mindsphere offers six benefits for the Expo attendees. Enabling efficient cooling, optimize public transport, improve air quality control, traffic management, and access and security control. This is a major factor for the more than 25 million attendees expected to attend Expo 2020 Dubai next year. Furthermore, Mindsphere will even analyze and optimize nine everyday crucial elements. Primary events like water treatment, social media, parking, and occupant cooling. Secondary components like soil composition, irrigation, airflow, access control, waste management, street lighting.
Mohammad said at a media briefing that through the analysis of IoT data using Mindsphere, energy consumption could be reduced by 20% to 40%. Siemens’ smart building and infrastructure technologies should improve emergency response and commute times.
The Expo 2020 Dubai has the title of the world’s most connected fair in history. It will feature a 5G network that local telecoms operators will use to provide boosted connectivity. Companies such as Etisalat and du will use to for mobile use and virtual reality apps. Siemens will use the newly constructed buildings as the new home for its global logistics headquarters. This will be a part of Expo 2020 Dubai’s legacy strategy.